Great advantage of Vir and its natural position in which it is placed is the nearness of natural and cultural attractions that surround as only one part of his appeal. Only 8 km southeast from Vir is the first Croatian royal town of Nin located, 20 kilometers further lies for centuries the capital of Dalmatia region, today the center of region, town of Zadar. The beauty of these cultural attractions include unavoidable four unique National Parks: Plitvice lakes, Paklenica mountain, Krka waterfalls and Kornati islands, and they are all real treasuries that surrounds us.
Center of the ancient city is an island, 500 meters in diameter, connected to the mainland by two bridges, built on the sand bar of the former delta of Miljašić Jaruga river into the sea.
The first settlement in Nin, in the area of the island, was developed by an Illyrian tribe Liburnians in the 9th ct. BC, calling it Aenona. Liburnian influence replaced Roman. At the end of sixth century in this area came the Croats, and the recording of history in stones began when the Carolingian missionaries came to baptize the new nations in Nin. Around 800. the baptistery of prince Višeslav was carved, which is evidence of knowledge of the Croatian principality and later on kingdom. Interesting fact is that 11 Croatian princes and kings were crowned in Nin, and part of the wealth can still be seen: the parish priest’s church, Church of Holly Cross, the remains of city walls, mosaics and tomb findings. South of the town of Nin, on a gentle hight, stands the church of St. Nicholas, with a spacious field in front, where according to legend, the people gathered round to greet the newly elected King. After coronation in the church the King rode on horseback to St. Nicholas, escorted and with a scepter raised high, cutting the air with his sword on all four sides of the world, and swore to the people to rule fairly and honestly. The legends say that the historical facts are transformed into this easily remembered story, and if we stop in front of the church and climb up the mound we would almost also wish to cut the air with a sword on all four sides. You can enter this city, we can also call a museum, through the medieval bridge, which already at the entrance creates a sense of transition from reality into a world of legends and memories. Museum of Nin Antiquities and Treasury of Sacral Art- Gold and Silver are just part of the wealth that you can experience.
This is a city with a rich heritage of world significance, which is visible even today at every step. Here you can find Roman Forum from the 1st century, the most famous medieval basilica of St. Donat from the 9th century, trademark of the city, the reconstructed Romanesque church of St. Krsevan and the bell tower of St. Mary from the 12th century, the cathedral of St. Anastasia from 13th century, the People’s Square with the City lodge and guard from the 16th century and the walls with prestigious Port and Land gates from the 16th century, the Five Wells Square and many palaces, villas and other historic monuments, which are only part of the rich historical and cultural heritage.
National park Plitvička jezera
This National Park is remarkable geological and hydrological phenomenon, what explains the complex of the Plitvice Lakes being declared a national park in 8th April 1949. It is the largest, oldest and most popular Croatian national park, which represents a mountain forests area with16 smaller and larger crystal blue-green lakes. Lakes receive water from numerous rivers and streams, and they are all connected by cascades and waterfalls. Travertine barriers, which are made in the period of about ten thousand years, are one of the fundamental features of the park.
The special geographical location and specific climatic conditions have contributed to the emergence of many natural phenomena and rich biodiversity. Travertine sediments were formed from the pleistocene till nowdays, in sinkholes and depressions in the surrounding mountains. Upper lakes to the south are mostly composed of dolomite, and lower lakes in the north of the limestone rocks. Wide forest areas, exceptional natural beauty in lakes and waterfalls, the richness of flora and fauna, mountain air, contrasting autumn colors, trails and wooden bridges and a lot more are part of a unique area that was declared a UNESCO world nature heritage in 1979., among the first in the world. The park is divided into narrow and wider area by the degree of protection, and it is located in two counties, 91% of the park is in Lika-Senj County, and 7% in Karlovac County.
National park Paklenica
It was declared a National Park on 19th October 1949th. Paklenica is the common name for two canyons (Big and Small Paklenica are the most beautiful areas of the mountain Velebit which is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve) with even 400m high cliffs, which are, vertically to the direction of the mountain, rising from the sea to the highest peaks. At the touch of sea and mountains, in the vertically carved and deep canyons of the valley that follows the main ridge of Velebit, you can find plenty of interesting and unusual natural phenomena. Primordial nature excites people’s curiosity and inspires visitors, so it is no surprise that Paklenica National Park is the most famous alpine center and outside the Croatian borders.
National park Krka
Krka River and its seven tufa waterfalls is a natural and karst phenomenon. Tufa is a sedimentary rock that is formed around cold springs by secretion and deposition of minerals on the surface of algae and moss from a saturated aqueous solution. It is a common occurrence in surface waters of the Dinaric karst, which creates very substantial deposits that builds waterfalls such as the Krka River waterfalls, for whose very existence is necessary to preserve the natural balance of the ecosystem of the rivers Krka and Čikola. With its seven tufa waterfalls: Bilušića bukom, Brljana, Manojlovac waterfall, Rošnjak, Miljacka waterfall, Roski Waterfall and Skradinskim bukom, National Park Krka is one of the most remarkable and most beautiful Croatian scenery that every visitor will thoroughly enjoy.
National Park Krka with its rich cultural and historical heritage tells the story of some ancient times. Oziđana cave with its remains points to the presence of ancient cultures from 5000 BC. The remains of a Roman military camp and amphitheater, five medieval fortress, thirty mills, the Franciscan Monastery of Our Lady of Mercy and Church of Our Lady of Visovac on the Visovac island, Monastery of St. Archangel and hydroelectric power plant "Krka" shows that the natural beauty of the river Krka that has always attracted people to its shores.
National park Kornati
In the central part of the Croatian Adriatic, there is a unique and amazing group of islands named Kornati. A unique combination of 150 scattered islands, islets and rocks is a beautiful corner of the Adriatic where the blue color of the sea is even more evident in the contrast with white-gray rocky islands and islets. One of the most impressive natural phenomena of National Park Kornati are the famous cliffs on Donji Kornati island chain, facing the open sea. Cliffs have always been called crowns (coronas) and that is probably where the name Kornati derives from. Underwater extensions of these cliffs extend down up to 100 meters into the depth.
National Park Kornati underwater world tells other captivating stories of an incredible blend between nature and man that inhabits Kornati islands for several thousand of years and that is also reflected in the modest but impressive buildings such as stone houses, stone walls, olive groves, small ports, forts, castles, churches, salterns, ruins, etc.) These are additional and definitely worthy gems in the crown of the National Park Kornati which has long attracted the attention of many boaters, divers, climbers, hikers and other nature lovers. "On the last day of Creation God desired to crown His work, and thus created the Kornati islands out of tears, stars and breath." (George Bernard Shaw).